ENVE 101, Introduction to Environmental Engineering, (2-0)2
Scope, definition and historical development of Environmental Engineering. Overall and coherent view of environmental engineering concepts and environmental engineering education. Technical, economical and organizational considerations of environmental quality management. Environmental Ethics.
ENVE 102, Environmental Chemistry l, (3-0)3
Scope of Environmental Chemistry. Discussion of important relevant concepts of chemistry, and introduction of basic environmental chemical concepts including pH, alkalinity, hardness, dissolved oxygen, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). Acid-base chemistry and its significance in environmental engineering. Dissolution and precipitation chemistry, and chemical precipitation reactions in water and wastewater treatment. Coordination chemistry, oxidation and reduction chemistry and its environmental chemical applications.
ENVE 201, Fundamentals of Environmental Engineering Processes, (3-0)3
Introduction to environmental engineering calculations; analysis of pollution control processes: chemical and biochemical kinetics, mass balances, reactor analysis, energy balances, mass-transport processes with particular emphasis on examples of environmental pollution control processes.
ENVE 202, Environmental Microbiology, (3-2)4
Introduction to general microbiology. Water and wastewater microbiology. Degradation metabolism of compounds by microorganisms. Enzyme kinetics. Batch growth kinetics. Recycling of minerals and nutrients. Epidemiology and control of diseases. Biological safety.
ENVE 206, Physico-Chemical Principles of Environmental Engineering, (3-0)3
Colloidal systems. Analysis of Brownian motion and diffusion. Behavior of particles under gravitational force. Electrical properties of particles. Mechanisms for coagulation. Mechanisms of flocculation. Behaviour of gases. Phase equilibria. Transport properties.
ENVE 208, Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, (1-4)3
Laboratory experience for various areas of environmental chemistry. Laboratory rules and safety regulations, including chemical and fire hazards. Selected experiments; instrument calibration, volumetric analysis, gravimetric analysis, optical methods of analysis.
Prerequisite: ENVE 102
ENVE 300, Summer Practice I, (non-credit)
ENVE 301, Environmental Pollution and Ecology, (3-0)3
Freshwater ecology, marine ecology, estuarine ecology, terrestrial ecology, eutrophication, natural resources and their management. Functional parts of ecosystem, energy flows, nutrient cycles. Significance of pollution in the ecosystem. Radiation ecology. Air pollution ecology. Toxicology and water quality criteria. Microbial ecology.
ENVE 303, Unit Operations and Processes of Water Treatment, (3-0)3
Screening, coagulation and flocculation, sedimentation and flotation, filtration, ion removal by chemical precipitation, disinfection, ion exchange, adsorption, membrane processes and solids handling.
Prerequisite: ENVE 201 and ENVE 206
ENVE 304, Unit Operations and Processes of Wastewater Treatment, (3-0)3
Types and characteristics of wastewaters; screening - shredding; grit removal; equalization; sedimentation; floatation; gas transfer (aeration, stripping); principles of biological treatment; biological treatment processes (activated sludge and modifications, biological nutrient removal systems, membrane bioreactors, anaerobic treatment units, attached growth systems, oxidation ponds); chemical precipitation; membrane processes; advanced oxidation processes; adsorption; sludge processing and disposal.
Prerequisite: ENVE 201
ENVE 307, Air Pollution, (3-0)3
Atmosphere and its composition. Sources and scales of air pollution. Effects of air pollution on human ,animals, plants and structures. Atmospheric chemistry and photochemical smog. Ambient air sampling, measurement and analysis. Air pollution monitoring. Role of meteorology on air pollution. Air quality criteria. Emission and emission standards . Stack gas sampling and analysis. Dispersion of air pollutants. Emission inventory. Introduction to air pollution modeling.
ENVE 308, Environmental Chemistry II, (3-0)3
Surface and colloidal chemistry, spectrometry, photochemistry, electrochemistry, applications of graphical methods to chemical problems in environmental engineering, reaction kinetics, introduction to biogeochemical cycle, chemical speciation, important pollutants and contaminants.
Prerequisite: ENVE 102
ENVE 309, Fundamentals of Biological Treatment, (3-0)3
Introduction to continuous culture kinetics, inhibited growth growth kinteics. Chemostat cultues, deviation from ideal, chemostat cultures with biomass recycle. Plug-flow cultures. Fed-batch and repeated batch cultures. Introduction to activated sludge process kinetics. Nitrification and denitrification systems. Basics of anaerobic suspended culture systems. Microbiology of wastewater treatment.
Prerequisite: ENVE 202
ENVE 310, Public Health, (3-0)3
Environment and diseases. Transmission of disease. Vectors, parasites and their control. Principles of toxicology. Epidemiological studies. Development of health criteria. Application to home, work and community environment. Comprehensive planning. Health administration.
ENVE 312, Water Supply and Urban Drainage, (3-0)3
Water management. Sources of water. Population estimation. Water demand/use and wastewater generation. Water transmission. Water distribution components. Pumps. Design of water distribution systems. Components and characteristics of sewage. Sewer appurtenances and special structures. Design principles of sanitary, storm and combined sewers. Hydraulics and design of sewers. Stormwater management.
Prerequisite: CE 374 and CE 375
ENVE 314, Chemical Microbiology Laboratory, (1-4)3
Introduction to experimentation and data analysis in microbiology. Experiments will involve chromatographic O2 electrode, manometric and AAS techniques, as applied to microbiology, and aerobic and/or anaerobic chemostat kinetics.
ENVE 316, Air Pollution Laboratory, (1-4)3
Laboratory applications related to air pollution. SO2, NOx and particulate matter analysis in the ambient air. Isokinetic sampling and stack gas analysis. Applications of sampling techniques and data analysis. Technical report writing.
Prerequisite: ENVE 307
ENVE 322, Transport Processes in Environmental Engineering, (3-0)3
Reactive and nonreactive environmental processes. Mass transport processes in environmental media - air, water and soil. Heat transport. Mass transfer and transformation processes. Development of governing equations for combinations of transport, transfer and transformation processes in environmental systems. Computational aspects of environmental mass and heat transport procceses.
Prerequisite: ENVE 201 and MATH 219
ENVE 330, Principles of Environmental Engineering, (3-0)3
Man and environment. Sources of environmental pollution. Environmental impact of urban and industrial development. Water pollution and its control. Hydrological cycle. Principles of water and wastewater treatment. Air pollution and its control. Solid waste. Noise problem. Environmental criteria for city planner. Environmental Impact Assessment studies.
(Offered to non-ENVE students only).
ENVE 332, Fundamentals of Environmental Engineering, (3-0)3
Sources of environmental pollution. Environmental effects of engineering structures, urban and industrial development. Water pollution and its control. Characteristics of water and wastewater. Principles of water and wastewater treatment. Air pollution and its control. Solid waste. Noise problem. Environmental management. Miscellaneous environmental problems involving engineering solutions. (Offered to non -ENVE students only.)
ENVE 400, Summer Practice II, (non-credit)
ENVE 401, Soil and Groundwater Pollution, (3-0)3
Sources and composition of subsurface contaminants. Principles of fluid flow and contaminant transport in soil and groundwater systems. Applications for predicting the behavior of subsurface contaminants due to landfills, chemical spills, agrochemical leaching and other sources. Regulatory issues in soil and groundwater pollution. Soil and groundwater monitoring. Soil and groundwater pollution control and remediation technologies. Case studies related to water quality management, waste disposal, and contaminated site remediation.
ENVE 402, Wastewater Reuse, (3-0)3
Significance of wastewater reclamation, recycling and reuse in agriculture and industry. Factors of importance in planning and economic analysis of water reuse projects. Importance of water reuse for the future. Role and importance of physicochemical mechanisms in tertiary or advanced wastewater treatment systems. Disinfections in water reuse. Principles of reclaimed water distribution and storage. Microbiological considerations in wastewater reclamation and reuse criteria. Some wastewater reclamation and reuse projects.
ENVE 404, Environmental Modeling, (3-0)3
Scope of environmental modeling. System analysis and modeling. Fundamentals of mathematical modeling. Modeling engineered and natural environmental systems. Development and application of mathematical models for selected engineered and natural environmental systems. Computer applications related to analytical and numerical solutions of model equations using various software packages. Model development and application.
Prerequisite: ENVE 322 and ES 361
ENVE 406, Environmental Management, (3-0)3
Principles of developing national environmental quality standards and compliance measures. Concept of environmental loading and prevention of significant deterioration in ecological balances. Current national and international standards. Principles of developing risk-based land-use planning. Needs analysis for new industrial facilities. Baseline assessment.
ENVE 407, Environmental Engineering Design I, (2-2)3
Concepts in engineering design, engineering ethics, principles of project management, environmental legal infrastructure, treatment plant processes, plant hydraulics and sludge handling, application of environmental engineering principles on open ended design problem software application in process selection and design.
Prerequisite: ENVE 303 and ENVE 304
ENVE 408, Environmental Engineering Design II, (2-2)3
Continuation of ENVE 407, tender management, safety and economical considerations in engineering design, cost analysis and project evaluation, detailed design applicable to the problem, completion of a design project in teams with a final report and presentation.
Prerequisite: ENVE 407
ENVE 410, Marine Outfall Design, (3-0)3
Quality criteria for sea water stratification and circulations in sea environment. Microbiological concepts related to marine disposal of wastewater. Pretreatment and data collection in sea environment. Jet and lateral dispersions and the resulting dilutions. Design, construction and maintenance of marine outfalls.
ENVE 412, Solid Waste Management, (3-0)3
Generation of solid wastes. On-site handling, storage and processing. Collection, transfer and transport of solid wastes. Processing techniques and equipment. Recovery of resources, conversion products and energy. Disposal methods for solid wastes and residual matter: Sanitary landfill, incineration, composting and other techniques.
ENVE 413, Air Pollution Control, (3-0)3
Introduction to Air Pollution Control. Types of Air Pollution control equipment. Aerodynamics and fluid resistance to particle motion. Particle and gas separation techniques (Gravity, momentum, Centrifugal Separators, filters, scrubbers, electrostatic precipitators absorbers, etc.). Design principles of air pollution control equipment. Industrial applications. Air pollution control in urban environment"
ENVE 414, Water Quality Management, (3-0)3
Sources and use of water. Characteristics of water and wastewater. Water quality standards. Management of waste loads and assimilative capacity of receiving waters. Water quality management planning. Fate of pollutants in water environment. Modeling of water quality in natural systems. Computer applications.
ENVE 417, Unit Operations and Process Laboratory, (1-4)3
Introduction to experimentation and report writing. Selected experiments: coagulation and flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, chemical precipitation, aeration, carbon adsorption and ion exchange.
Prerequisite: ENVE 303
ENVE 420, Environmental Impact Assessment, (3-0)3
Concepts of environmental impact assessment. Applications of mathematical models to environmental impact assessment cases involving soil, water and air quality problems. Preparation of environmental impact statement. Case studies.
ENVE 422, Treatment and Disposal of Water and Wastewater Sludges, (3-0)3
Sources and quantities of sludge produced from water and wastewater treatment plants. Sludge characteristics. Sludge stabilization, pumping, conditioning, thickening, dewatering and drying. Sludge combustion and ultimate disposal.
Prerequisite: ENVE 304 and ENVE 304
ENVE 424, Instrumental Analysis for Environmental Engineering, (1-4)3
The course intends to acquaint students with theory, principle and application of instruments and equipment used in environmental research. Projects will be assigned to groups of students which will include sampling, sample preparation and analysis of metals, organics, major ions, and other important physical and chemical parameters. Students will also be asked to interpret, present and report their data in a scientifically acceptable format.
ENVE 426, Air Pollution Meteorology and Atmospheric Dispersion, (3-0)3
Vertical structure and composition of the atmosphere. Fundamentals of atmospheric boundary layer flow. Energy balance in the atmosphere. Atmospheric stability and inversion mechanisms. Turbulence and vertical mixing in the boundary layer. Air pollution potential. Atmospheric turbulence and dispersion. Plume rise. Transport and dispersion in local, regional and global scale. Large scale motion, convergence and divergence.
ENVE 428, Pollution Prevention, (3-0)3
Fundamental concepts and application of eco-efficiency, pollution prevention and cleaner production. Traditional end-of-pipe versus preventive environmental management approaches. Cleaner production tools, environmental performance indicators, environmental management systems.
ENVE 430, Solid Waste Landfill Design, (3-0)3
Introduction; landfill leachate generation, characteristics and volume estimation; contaminant transport in waste ecosystems and landfill liner systems; landfill leachate collection system design; landfill liner system design (clay and geomembrane liners); leachate management methods; landfill cover system design; landfill gas generation, characteristics and volume estimation; landfill gas collection and control systems; computer software applications to design of the major landfill components and landfill process computations.
Prerequisite: ENVE 412
ENVE 431, Molecular Tools in Environmental Engineering, (3-0)3
Biological macromolecules and their use as molecular tools in environmental engineering, molecular techniques for the determination and monitoring of functional microbial communities in natural and engineered systems, potential uses in bio-and phytoremediation.
ENVE 432, Hazardous Waste Management, (3-0)3
Hazardous waste classification, generation rates, regulations on hazardous wastes, waste minimization, recycling and recovery of hazardous wastes, treatment of hazardous wastes using physicochemical processes, biological processes, and thermal methods. Land storage and disposal of hazardous wastes, site remediation and case studies.
ENVE 447, Marine Pollution, (3-0)3
Present heatlh of the oceans. The need for control of pollution. Definition of potentially harmful substances; inorganic, organic, radioactive and solid waste. Marine environment as a waste receiving body; environmental capacity. Potential impairment of marine ecosystems and water uses. Case studies.
ENVE 490, Topics in Environmental Engineering, (1-4)3
Graduation research project carried out under the guidance of an advisor assigned to each student. Research topic includes a literature survey or a laboratory study or participation in an ongoing project. A final report and a seminar are required at the end of the semester.
ENVE 491, Introduction to Environmental Toxicology, (3-0)3
Cultural, economic, and policy context of environmental toxicology. Major historical toxicological events. Occurrence, exposure, modes of toxic action, target factors, biotransformation. Dose-response and toxicity testing. Quantitative toxicology and quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR). Defense responses. Classes of toxicants and major examples. Mutagens, endocrine disruption.
ENVE 493-498, Special Topics in Environmental Engineering, (3-0)3
These code numbers will be used for technical elective courses which are not listed regularly in the catalog. The course contents will be announced before the semester commences.
ENVE 493, Special Topics in Environmental Engineering: EU and Environment Policy, (3-0)3
Introduction to the policy and most recent legislation of the EU on Environment and Climate Change with a view to compare with the existing national legislation; introduction to the negotiations on accession of Turkey to the EU; pre-accession financial assistance programs (IPA); project cycle management and preparation of project proposals; selection, identification, preparation, procurement and implementation of municipal infrastructure projects in the field of water and waste management.
ENVE 494 Special Topics in Environmental Engineering: Contemporary Issues In Environmental Engineering, (3-0)3
Interconnected challenges faced by environmental engineers that need to be addressed in the twenty-first century: sustainable supply of food, water and energy; climate change – mitigation and adaptation measures; design of a future without pollution and waste, creation of resilient urban environments; informed decision making concerning environmental challenges; tools for better preparation of environmental engineers for existing and upcoming challenges.